Como

Como is an Italian town of 84,834 inhabitants and is the capital of Como Province in Lombardy. It is the fifth most populous municipality in the region after Milan, Brescia, Bergamo and Monza.

The city center is situated on the lakeside promenade, around the Piazza del Duomo, one of the largest cathedrals in northern Italy. The old town still has the appearance of the original Roman fortress,  with well-preserved medieval walls and large watchtowers.

Como

The classical authors attribute the founding of Como to the lineage of Orobi.

During the High Middle Ages, Como was invaded by the Goths and the Lombards; then in 951 the Emperor Otto I invaded Lombardy.

During the medieval period, Como was disputed between rival families of Rusca (o Rusconi) and Vitani. Following decades of war (1118-1127) between Como and Milan, Milanese forces besieged Como on August 27, 1127, destroying the walls and homes and dispersing the villagers.

in 1158, with the help of the Emperor Federico Barbarossa, the Comune rebuilt the city destroyed by the Milanese, rebuilding and enlarging the defense walls with their imposing towers of Porta Torre, San Vitale and Porta Nuova (or Torre Gattoni).

In October of 1525, Como was occupied by Don Pietro Arias.

In 1694 in Como was the ordination of the Jesuit priest  Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri, father of non-Euclidean geometries. Since then he followed the fate of the Duchy of Milan and of the Lombardy-Venetia Kingdom.

In 1768, physicist Giulio Cesare Gattoni erected in the city the first Italian lightning rod. In 1797 Napoleon arrived and announced at Villa Saporiti the establishment of the Cisalpine Republic. On May 27, 1859, following the Battle of San Fermo, Giuseppe Garibaldi in command of the Cacciatori delle Alpi freed the city from Austrian occupation.

In 1899 Como hosted a large Voltian Exhibition to celebrate the 1st anniversary of the invention of the battery by Alessandro Volta (1745-1827), its most famous citizen.

In April 1945 the city was the scene of the flight and events related to the arrest and shooting of Benito Mussolini and the epilogue of the fascist regime.

The fifties and sixties are remembered for the work of the mayor Lino Gelpi, who did his best to beautify the city, dismantling the freight of the State Railways, putting in place the park on the lake, and creating the Villa Olmo promenade. He also covered the stream Cosia with a large arterial road – the so-called “ring road” – to try to free the center from traffic jams.

 

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A border town straddling different cultures, Como is the “capital” of the lake, which attracts international tourism related to the natural environment, and is an industrial center based on the industry of silk.

Lake Como in Lombardy is a glacial lake, belonging to the provinces of Como and Lecco. With its 416 meters of depth, it is one of the deepest lakes in Europe and the third largest lake in Italy. It has a characteristic shape of the letter “Y”.

Vista-del-Lago-di-Como

A walk through the historic center allows tourists to experience the atmosphere of a medieval town, to discover evidence of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, and to be amazed before the most recent and famous buildings of Rationalism. And, finally, to be enchanted along the beautiful promenade lake with classical forms of aristocratic villas.

 

To see:

Palazzo Broletto
Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta
Villa Olmo
Tempio Voltiano
Casa del Fascio
Asilo Sant’Elia
Lungolago di Como
Funicolare di Como
Statua di Giuseppe Garibaldi
Bellagio

varenna-lago-di-como